Why is careful planning important in the development of cities


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

There has been a huge increase in the size of cities. Many cities have grown in a haphazard way. Why is careful planning important in the development of cities?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

In recent years, there has been a significant surge in the population of cities, leading to a rapid expansion in their size. However, this growth has often occurred in a haphazard manner, without careful planning. This has resulted in a number of challenges, making it crucial for cities to prioritize careful planning in their development.

First and foremost, careful planning is important in the development of cities because it ensures efficient land use. With a well-thought-out plan, cities can allocate land for residential, commercial, and recreational purposes in a balanced and sustainable manner. This not only prevents overcrowding in certain areas but also allows for the creation of green spaces and public amenities, contributing to the overall well-being of residents.

Moreover, careful planning plays a vital role in addressing infrastructure needs. As cities continue to grow, there is a greater demand for transportation, utilities, and public services. Through careful planning, cities can anticipate these needs and develop infrastructure that is capable of accommodating the growing population. This includes the construction of roads, public transportation systems, and utilities such as water and electricity, all of which are essential for the smooth functioning of a city.

Additionally, careful planning promotes environmental sustainability. By considering factors such as air and water quality, waste management, and green spaces, cities can minimize their environmental impact and promote a healthier living environment for their residents. This is particularly important as urbanization often leads to increased pollution and strain on natural resources.

Furthermore, careful planning can contribute to social cohesion and community well-being. By creating mixed-use developments and diverse housing options, cities can foster a sense of inclusivity and diversity. Additionally, the provision of public spaces and amenities can encourage social interaction and a sense of community, ultimately enhancing the quality of life for residents.

In conclusion, careful planning is essential in the development of cities due to its ability to ensure efficient land use, address infrastructure needs, promote environmental sustainability, and enhance social cohesion. As cities continue to grow, it is imperative that they prioritize careful planning to create livable, sustainable, and inclusive urban environments.

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