Water pollution has become an increasing problem


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

Water pollution has become an increasing problem over the past few decades.

What causes water pollution?

How can we prevent this problem?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

Water pollution has indeed become a pressing issue in recent years, with various factors contributing to its prevalence. The main causes of water pollution include industrial waste, agricultural runoff, and improper disposal of household waste. These activities result in the contamination of water bodies, making them unsafe for human consumption and detrimental to aquatic life.

One of the primary contributors to water pollution is industrial waste. Many industries discharge untreated or partially treated wastewater into nearby water bodies, leading to the contamination of water with harmful chemicals and toxins. Similarly, agricultural runoff, which includes pesticides, fertilizers, and animal waste, seeps into rivers and streams, causing water pollution and posing a threat to the ecosystem. Additionally, improper disposal of household waste, such as plastics, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals, further exacerbates the problem, as these substances leach into the water, causing harm to both humans and aquatic organisms.

To address this burgeoning issue, several measures can be taken to prevent water pollution. Firstly, strict regulations should be imposed on industries to ensure that they treat their wastewater before discharging it into water bodies. This can be achieved through regular monitoring and enforcement of environmental laws. Furthermore, promoting sustainable agricultural practices, such as reducing the use of chemical fertilizers and implementing proper waste management techniques, can help minimize agricultural runoff and its adverse effects on water quality. Additionally, educating the public about the importance of responsible waste disposal and recycling can significantly reduce the amount of household waste that ends up in water bodies.

In conclusion, water pollution is a multifaceted problem caused by various human activities. However, through stringent regulations, sustainable practices, and public awareness campaigns, we can mitigate the effects of water pollution and work towards ensuring the availability of clean and safe water for both present and future generations. It is imperative that governments, industries, and individuals work together to address this critical issue and safeguard our precious water resources.

More Writing Task 2 Sample Essay

Leave a Comment