The most important aim of science should be to improve people’s lives


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

The most important aim of science should be to improve people’s lives.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

Science has undoubtedly played a crucial role in improving people’s lives throughout history. From medical advancements to technological innovations, the impact of scientific research and discovery on society cannot be overstated. However, whether the primary aim of science should be solely to improve people’s lives is a complex and multifaceted issue that warrants careful consideration.

On one hand, it is undeniable that the ultimate goal of scientific endeavors should be to benefit humanity. The development of vaccines, the understanding of diseases, and the creation of life-saving medical treatments are all examples of how science has directly contributed to enhancing the quality of people’s lives. Moreover, advancements in agricultural science have led to increased food production and improved nutrition for millions of people around the world. These tangible improvements demonstrate the potential of science to address pressing societal needs and alleviate human suffering.

On the other hand, the pursuit of knowledge and understanding for its own sake is also an essential aspect of science. Fundamental research, which may not have immediate practical applications, has often led to unexpected breakthroughs and innovations that have ultimately benefited society. For instance, the study of quantum mechanics, initially a purely theoretical pursuit, has given rise to technologies such as MRI machines and semiconductor devices that have revolutionized healthcare and communications. Therefore, a narrow focus on immediate practical benefits may limit the long-term potential of scientific inquiry.

In conclusion, while the primary aim of science should indeed be to improve people’s lives, it is important to recognize the broader significance of scientific exploration and discovery. The pursuit of knowledge for its own sake and the potential for unforeseen applications should not be overlooked. Ultimately, a balanced approach that considers both immediate practical benefits and the broader quest for understanding is crucial for the continued advancement of science and its impact on society.

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