Terrorism in Pakistan: causes and solutions


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

In recent years terrorism in Pakistan has increased. What are the possible causes and solutions to this?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

In recent years, terrorism in Pakistan has unfortunately seen a significant increase. This alarming trend has raised concerns not only within the country but also on a global scale. There are several possible causes for this surge in terrorism, and it is crucial to explore potential solutions to address this pressing issue.

One of the main causes of terrorism in Pakistan is the presence of extremist groups and their ability to recruit and radicalize individuals. These groups often exploit social, economic, and political grievances to garner support for their violent ideologies. Additionally, the ongoing conflict in neighboring Afghanistan has also contributed to the influx of militant activities in Pakistan, as the porous border allows for the movement of insurgents and weapons.

Furthermore, socio-economic disparities and lack of opportunities in certain regions of Pakistan have left many disillusioned and susceptible to extremist propaganda. The lack of effective governance and law enforcement in these areas has also created fertile ground for terrorist organizations to thrive.

To combat terrorism in Pakistan, a multifaceted approach is necessary. Firstly, there needs to be a concerted effort to address the root causes of extremism, including poverty, lack of education, and political disenfranchisement. This could involve implementing targeted development programs, improving access to quality education, and promoting inclusive governance.

Additionally, bolstering border security and enhancing intelligence-sharing mechanisms with neighboring countries, particularly Afghanistan, is imperative to disrupt the movement of militants and weapons across borders. Strengthening law enforcement capabilities and promoting community policing can also help to prevent and respond to terrorist activities within Pakistan.

Moreover, fostering international cooperation and support in counter-terrorism efforts is crucial, as terrorism is a global threat that requires a coordinated response. This could involve sharing intelligence, conducting joint military operations, and providing aid for capacity-building initiatives.

In conclusion, the increase in terrorism in Pakistan is a complex issue with deep-rooted causes, but it is not insurmountable. By addressing the socio-economic grievances, improving border security, and enhancing international cooperation, Pakistan can make significant strides in combating terrorism and fostering peace and stability within its borders.

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