Technology and automation have reduced the need for manual labour


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

Advances in technology and automation have reduced the need for manual labour. Therefore working hours in offices and factories should be reduced. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

In today’s modern world, technological advancements and automation have undoubtedly revolutionized the way we work. Many tasks that were once done manually can now be completed with the help of machines and computers. As a result, there is a growing debate about whether working hours in offices and factories should be reduced due to the decreased need for manual labor. In my opinion, I agree that working hours should be reduced to some extent in order to adapt to the changing landscape of work.

Firstly, it is important to acknowledge the impact that technology and automation have had on the workforce. With the introduction of new technologies, many repetitive and physically demanding tasks can now be completed more efficiently and accurately by machines. This has led to a decrease in the demand for manual labor in various industries. As a result, it would be logical to consider reducing working hours in order to accommodate this shift in the nature of work.

Furthermore, reducing working hours could have numerous benefits for both employees and employers. For employees, shorter working hours could lead to improved work-life balance, reduced stress, and increased job satisfaction. This, in turn, could lead to higher productivity and creativity in the workplace. For employers, reducing working hours could result in cost savings, as they may not need to pay for as much overtime or additional staff to cover longer shifts.

However, it is important to note that the extent to which working hours should be reduced is a complex issue that requires careful consideration. While some industries may benefit from shorter working hours, others may still require longer hours to meet the demands of their business. Additionally, the impact of reduced working hours on wages and overall economic productivity must also be taken into account.

In conclusion, I believe that advances in technology and automation have indeed reduced the need for manual labor, and therefore, working hours in offices and factories should be reduced to some extent. However, the extent of this reduction should be carefully considered in order to ensure that it is beneficial for both employees and employers, and that it does not have a negative impact on overall productivity and economic growth.

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