Some countries include a relatively large number of young adults


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

At the present time, the population of some countries includes a relatively large number of young adults, compared with the number of older people. Do the advantages of this situation outweigh the disadvantages?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

In recent years, many countries have experienced a demographic shift, with a larger proportion of young adults compared to older individuals. This trend has both advantages and disadvantages, and it is important to carefully consider both aspects before drawing any conclusions.

On the one hand, having a relatively large number of young adults in the population can bring about several benefits. Firstly, young adults are often seen as the driving force behind economic growth and innovation. They are typically more open to new ideas and technologies, which can lead to advancements in various fields such as science, technology, and business. Additionally, a larger young population can also help to support the older generation through their contributions to social security systems and healthcare funding.

Furthermore, a higher number of young adults can also lead to a more dynamic and vibrant society. They are more likely to engage in social and cultural activities, which can contribute to a richer and more diverse community. This can also lead to a more active and healthy lifestyle, as young adults are generally more physically active and less prone to chronic health conditions.

However, there are also some potential drawbacks to having a population skewed towards young adults. One of the main concerns is the potential strain on resources, such as education and employment opportunities. A larger young population may lead to increased competition for jobs and limited access to quality education, which can ultimately impact the overall well-being of the society.

In conclusion, while there are clear advantages to having a relatively large number of young adults in the population, it is important to consider the potential drawbacks as well. Ultimately, the key lies in finding a balance and implementing policies that can harness the potential of the young population while also addressing any challenges that may arise. By doing so, countries can fully leverage the benefits of a youthful population while mitigating any negative impacts.

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