Some countries have an increasing population who are younger


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

Some countries have an ever-increasing proportion of the population who are aged 15 or younger. Why this could be the case?

What do you think are the current and future effects of this trend for those countries?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

In recent years, some countries have experienced a significant increase in the proportion of their population aged 15 or younger. This trend can be attributed to several factors, including high birth rates, improved healthcare leading to lower infant mortality rates, and a lack of access to family planning and contraception in certain regions.

One of the main reasons for the ever-increasing proportion of young people in some countries is the high birth rate. In many developing nations, large families are still the norm, and couples continue to have multiple children. Additionally, improved healthcare and medical advancements have led to a decrease in infant mortality rates, resulting in more children surviving into adolescence.

Furthermore, in some regions, there is a lack of access to family planning and contraception, leading to unintended pregnancies and a higher number of children being born. This is often the case in areas with limited resources and education, where family planning services may not be readily available.

The current and future effects of this trend for the countries experiencing it are multifaceted. In the short term, a larger youth population can put a strain on resources such as education, healthcare, and social services. This can lead to overcrowded schools, limited access to quality healthcare, and increased competition for jobs in the future.

Moreover, as these young people grow older, there may be challenges in providing them with employment opportunities and ensuring economic stability. A high youth population can also lead to increased pressure on the environment and natural resources, as well as potential social issues such as crime and unrest if the needs of these young individuals are not adequately met.

In the long term, however, a large youth population can also be seen as a potential demographic dividend, as these young people enter the workforce and contribute to the economy. With the right investments in education, healthcare, and job creation, these countries can harness the potential of their youth population and drive economic growth and development.

In conclusion, the ever-increasing proportion of young people in some countries is a complex demographic trend with both challenges and opportunities. By addressing the needs of their youth population and investing in their future, these countries can navigate this demographic shift and potentially reap the benefits of a youthful workforce in the years to come.

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