Should a city try to preserve its old, historic buildings or destroy them


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

Should a city try to preserve its old, historic buildings or destroy them and replace them with modern buildings? What is your viewpoint on this issue?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

Preserving old, historic buildings versus replacing them with modern structures is a contentious issue that cities around the world grapple with. In my opinion, it is crucial for cities to make a concerted effort to conserve their historic buildings, as they are not only valuable from a cultural and historical perspective but also contribute to the overall aesthetic and character of a city.

First and foremost, historic buildings are tangible links to a city’s past and serve as a testament to its rich heritage. They provide a sense of continuity and connection to previous generations, allowing residents and visitors alike to gain a deeper understanding of the city’s history and evolution. Destroying these buildings would mean erasing a crucial part of a city’s identity and losing an opportunity to educate future generations about their cultural heritage.

Moreover, historic buildings often possess architectural and artistic value that is irreplaceable. Their unique designs and craftsmanship reflect the skills and techniques of the time period in which they were built, adding to the visual appeal of a city. By preserving these structures, cities can maintain a diverse and visually stimulating urban landscape that sets them apart from generic, modern cityscapes.

Additionally, the preservation of historic buildings can have economic benefits for a city. Many historic buildings are repurposed for modern use, such as being converted into museums, restaurants, or boutique shops. This not only attracts tourists and stimulates local economies but also contributes to the overall livability and vibrancy of a city.

That being said, I do recognize the need for cities to adapt and grow, and there may be instances where the demolition of historic buildings is unavoidable. In such cases, it is important for cities to carefully consider the historical and cultural significance of the building and explore alternative solutions, such as integrating modern elements into the existing structure or relocating the building to a different site.

In conclusion, while it is essential for cities to embrace modernization, the preservation of historic buildings should be a priority. By doing so, cities can maintain a sense of identity, promote cultural heritage, and create visually captivating urban environments that benefit both residents and visitors.

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