People throw old things when they buy new things


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

Nowadays, many people do not repair old things to use them further and throw old things away when they buy new things. What factors cause this phenomenon?

What effects this phenomenon has?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

In today’s consumer-driven society, the trend of discarding old items in favor of purchasing new ones has become increasingly common. This phenomenon can be attributed to several factors, and its effects are far-reaching.

One of the primary factors contributing to this trend is the rapid pace of technological advancement. With new and improved products constantly entering the market, consumers are often enticed to upgrade to the latest models, rendering their old possessions obsolete. This constant cycle of innovation and obsolescence has led to a culture of disposability, where the value of old items is diminished in favor of the allure of new and improved alternatives.

Additionally, the rise of fast fashion and disposable consumer goods has further perpetuated this phenomenon. Many products are designed with planned obsolescence in mind, meaning they are intentionally made to have a limited lifespan, encouraging consumers to replace them rather than repair or maintain them. This throwaway culture has permeated various aspects of our lives, from clothing and electronics to household appliances and even furniture.

The effects of this trend are manifold and impactful. From an environmental perspective, the disposal of old items contributes to the growing problem of waste accumulation and landfill overflow. The production and disposal of consumer goods also contribute to carbon emissions and other environmental hazards, exacerbating the already pressing issue of climate change.

Furthermore, the prevalence of disposable goods has economic implications, as the constant need to purchase new items can strain individual budgets and perpetuate a cycle of consumerism. The lack of emphasis on repairing and maintaining possessions also means that valuable skills and knowledge related to craftsmanship and DIY repair are being lost.

In conclusion, the trend of discarding old items in favor of new ones is driven by a combination of technological advancement, planned obsolescence, and consumer culture. This phenomenon has far-reaching effects on the environment, the economy, and societal values. It is imperative for individuals and society as a whole to reevaluate our consumption habits and prioritize sustainability and longevity over disposability.

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