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You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

In some places, money earned from tourism has become an important part of the economy. What are the advantages and disadvantages of relying on tourism as a major source of revenue?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

Tourism has undoubtedly become a significant contributor to the economy in many parts of the world. While there are several advantages to relying on tourism as a major source of revenue, there are also some notable disadvantages that need to be considered.

One of the most significant advantages of tourism is the economic boost it provides to local communities. The influx of tourists brings in money that can be used to improve infrastructure, create jobs, and support local businesses. This can lead to overall economic development and an improved standard of living for residents in the area. Additionally, tourism can also help to preserve and promote local culture and traditions, as tourists are often interested in experiencing the unique aspects of a destination.

However, there are also some downsides to relying heavily on tourism. One of the main disadvantages is the potential for environmental damage. Increased tourism can lead to overdevelopment, pollution, and strain on natural resources. Additionally, the reliance on tourism as a major source of revenue can make a destination vulnerable to fluctuations in the tourism industry. Economic downturns, natural disasters, or political instability in popular tourist destinations can have a significant impact on the local economy.

Furthermore, the reliance on tourism can also lead to cultural and social issues. Local communities may become overly dependent on tourism, leading to a loss of traditional livelihoods and an erosion of local culture. There is also the risk of exploitation of local resources and communities by large tourism companies, leading to inequality and social tensions.

In conclusion, while tourism can bring significant economic benefits to a destination, it is important to carefully consider the potential drawbacks. Sustainable tourism practices and careful management of tourism resources are essential to ensure that the advantages of tourism can be maximized while minimizing the negative impacts. Ultimately, a balanced approach that takes into account the needs of both tourists and local communities is crucial for the long-term success of tourism as a major source of revenue.

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