Many developing countries are currently expanding their tourist industries


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

Many developing countries are currently expanding their tourist industries. Why is this the case?

Is it a positive or a negative development?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

In recent years, many developing countries have been actively working to expand their tourist industries. There are several reasons for this trend, and it is important to consider both the positive and negative implications of this development.

One of the main reasons why developing countries are focusing on growing their tourism sectors is the potential for economic growth and job creation. Tourism has the capacity to generate significant revenue for a country through the spending of tourists on accommodations, food, transportation, and souvenirs. This influx of money into the local economy can lead to the development of infrastructure, such as hotels, restaurants, and transportation networks, which in turn creates employment opportunities for local residents. Additionally, the promotion of cultural and natural attractions can help preserve and showcase the unique heritage of a country, contributing to its identity and pride.

However, the rapid expansion of the tourism industry also brings about negative consequences that must be carefully managed. One of the most pressing concerns is the potential for environmental degradation and cultural commodification. Increased tourist activity can lead to the deterioration of natural habitats, pollution, and strain on local resources. Furthermore, the influx of tourists can sometimes lead to the exploitation of local cultures and traditions for commercial gain, which can erode the authenticity and integrity of these communities.

In conclusion, the expansion of the tourism industry in developing countries is a complex issue with both positive and negative implications. While it has the potential to drive economic growth, create jobs, and preserve cultural heritage, it also brings about environmental and cultural challenges that need to be addressed. It is crucial for governments and stakeholders to carefully manage the growth of tourism in order to maximize its benefits while minimizing its drawbacks. Ultimately, sustainable and responsible tourism development is key to ensuring that the positive impacts of tourism outweigh the negative ones.

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