Development and rapid expansion of supermarkets


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

Due to the development and rapid expansion of supermarkets in some countries, many small, local businesses are unable to compete. Some people think that the closure of local businesses will bring about the death of local communities. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

The rise of supermarkets in many countries has undoubtedly had a significant impact on small, local businesses. While some argue that the closure of these local establishments will lead to the demise of local communities, I believe that there are other factors at play that can help mitigate this potential outcome.

It is undeniable that the presence of supermarkets can pose a threat to smaller businesses. With their ability to offer a wider range of products at competitive prices, supermarkets often attract a large portion of consumers, leaving local shops struggling to compete. As a result, many of these businesses are forced to shut down, leading to a loss of jobs and a decline in the local economy.

However, I do not believe that the closure of local businesses will necessarily bring about the death of local communities. While it is true that these businesses play a vital role in fostering a sense of community and providing personalized services, there are other factors that contribute to the strength and resilience of local communities.

For instance, community initiatives and support networks can help to bolster the local economy and create a sense of belonging. By organizing events, promoting local products, and fostering a spirit of collaboration, communities can thrive even in the face of competition from supermarkets. Furthermore, the rise of online platforms and social media has provided local businesses with new opportunities to reach a wider audience and connect with their customers.

In conclusion, while the growth of supermarkets has undoubtedly posed challenges for small, local businesses, I do not believe that their closure will inevitably lead to the death of local communities. By fostering a sense of community and leveraging new opportunities, local businesses can continue to thrive and contribute to the vibrancy of their communities. It is essential for both consumers and policymakers to recognize the value of these businesses and support them in order to preserve the unique character of local communities.

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