An increasing number of people choose to live in big cities


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

An increasing number of people choose to live in big cities. What problems will this bring about? Should the government encourage people to live in small towns?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

In recent years, there has been a noticeable trend of people choosing to live in big cities. While this may seem like an attractive option for many, it also brings about a number of problems that need to be addressed. In this essay, I will discuss the potential issues that arise from this trend, and whether the government should encourage people to live in small towns.

One of the main problems associated with the increasing population in big cities is the strain it puts on infrastructure and resources. With more people comes a greater demand for housing, transportation, and basic amenities, leading to overcrowding and increased pollution. Additionally, the cost of living in big cities is often much higher, making it difficult for lower-income individuals to afford a decent standard of living.

Furthermore, the rapid urbanization of big cities can lead to social issues such as isolation and alienation. In a bustling metropolis, it is easy for individuals to feel lost in the crowd and disconnected from their communities. This can have negative effects on mental health and overall well-being.

In light of these problems, it is worth considering whether the government should encourage people to live in small towns. There are certainly benefits to living in smaller, more rural communities. For one, the cost of living is generally lower, making it more affordable for individuals and families to thrive. Additionally, small towns often offer a stronger sense of community and belonging, which can contribute to a greater overall quality of life.

However, it is important to recognize that the decision to live in a big city or a small town is ultimately a personal one, and should not be dictated by the government. Instead, the focus should be on improving infrastructure and resources in both big cities and small towns, so that individuals have the freedom to choose where they want to live based on their own preferences and needs.

In conclusion, while the trend of people choosing to live in big cities presents its own set of challenges, it is not necessarily the role of the government to encourage people to live in small towns. Instead, efforts should be made to address the problems associated with urbanization, and to provide individuals with the opportunity to make their own choices about where they want to live.

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