The way modern society is developing is being shaped by people’s migration


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

Nowadays the way modern society is developing is being shaped by people’s migration to large cities. In what ways is the migration to large cities affecting society? Has this become a positive or negative development?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

In recent years, the migration of people to large cities has significantly impacted modern society in various ways. This trend has both positive and negative implications, and it is important to carefully consider the effects of this phenomenon.

One of the most notable ways in which migration to large cities is affecting society is through the strain it puts on urban infrastructure and resources. As more people flock to urban areas in search of better opportunities, the demand for housing, transportation, and public services has surged. This has led to overcrowding, increased traffic congestion, and a shortage of affordable housing in many metropolitan areas. Additionally, the influx of people has put pressure on public services such as healthcare, education, and sanitation, leading to potential strains on these essential services.

On the positive side, the migration to large cities has also brought about significant economic growth and development. Urban areas are often hubs of innovation, entrepreneurship, and industry, attracting businesses and investment. This has led to job creation and economic prosperity, offering individuals the chance to improve their standard of living and pursue their career aspirations. Moreover, the diversity and cultural richness of large cities have contributed to a vibrant and dynamic society, fostering creativity, tolerance, and social integration.

Furthermore, the migration to large cities has led to advancements in technology and infrastructure, as urban areas strive to accommodate the needs of their growing populations. This has resulted in improved public transportation systems, better access to healthcare and education, and the development of sustainable urban planning practices.

In conclusion, the migration of people to large cities has undoubtedly had a profound impact on modern society. While it has brought about challenges such as overpopulation and strain on resources, it has also spurred economic growth, cultural diversity, and technological advancements. Ultimately, whether this trend is a positive or negative development depends on how effectively society manages the consequences of urban migration and addresses the associated challenges. It is crucial for policymakers to carefully consider the implications of this phenomenon and work towards creating sustainable and inclusive urban environments for all.

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