The cost of international travel is decreasing and tourism is increasing


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

The cost of international travel is decreasing, and so the trend of international tourism is increasing in many countries. What are the advantages and disadvantages of the rising trend of tourism for countries?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

In recent years, the cost of international travel has been steadily decreasing, leading to a significant increase in the trend of international tourism in many countries. This phenomenon has both advantages and disadvantages for the countries involved.

One of the main advantages of the rising trend of tourism is the boost to the economy. Tourists bring in foreign currency, which can help to strengthen the country’s economy and create jobs in the tourism and hospitality sectors. Additionally, the increased demand for goods and services by tourists can also benefit local businesses and industries, leading to overall economic growth.

Furthermore, international tourism can also promote cultural exchange and understanding between countries. When tourists visit different countries, they have the opportunity to learn about new cultures, traditions, and ways of life. This can help to foster mutual respect and appreciation for diversity, ultimately promoting global harmony and peace.

On the other hand, the rising trend of tourism also has its drawbacks. One of the main disadvantages is the potential negative impact on the environment. Increased tourism can lead to overdevelopment, pollution, and damage to natural habitats and wildlife. Additionally, the influx of tourists can put a strain on local resources and infrastructure, leading to overcrowding and increased waste generation.

Moreover, the cultural and social impacts of tourism should also be considered. The influx of tourists can lead to the commercialization and commodification of local traditions and customs, potentially leading to the loss of authenticity and identity. Additionally, the increased exposure to foreign cultures can also lead to social tensions and conflicts within local communities.

In conclusion, while the rising trend of international tourism can bring about economic benefits and promote cultural exchange, it also has its downsides, including environmental degradation and potential social and cultural impacts. Therefore, it is crucial for countries to carefully manage and regulate tourism in order to maximize the benefits while mitigating the negative consequences.

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