Technology is being used to monitor what people are saying and doing


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

Nowadays technology is increasingly being used to monitor what people are saying and doing (for example, through cell phone tracking and security cameras). In many cases, the people being monitored are unaware that this is happening. Do you think the advantages of this development outweigh the disadvantages?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

In today’s digital age, the use of technology to monitor individuals’ activities and conversations has become increasingly prevalent. While this development may offer certain advantages in terms of security and crime prevention, it also raises significant concerns about privacy and personal freedoms. In my opinion, the disadvantages of this trend far outweigh any potential benefits.

On the one hand, the use of surveillance technology can undoubtedly aid law enforcement in identifying and apprehending criminals. For example, security cameras in public places can help deter and investigate criminal activity, while cell phone tracking can assist in locating missing persons or suspects in criminal investigations. In this sense, the use of monitoring technology can contribute to public safety and security.

However, the widespread and often covert nature of this surveillance raises serious ethical and legal questions. Many individuals are unaware that their movements and conversations are being monitored, which infringes upon their right to privacy. Furthermore, the potential for abuse of this technology by government agencies or private entities is a cause for concern. In an era of mass data collection and surveillance, there is a risk that personal information could be misused or exploited for nefarious purposes.

Moreover, the constant monitoring of individuals can have a chilling effect on freedom of expression and behavior. When people are aware that their every move and word is being scrutinized, they may feel inhibited in their actions and communication, leading to self-censorship and a stifling of creativity and individuality.

In conclusion, while the use of technology for monitoring purposes may have some limited benefits in terms of security and crime prevention, the potential drawbacks are far more significant. The erosion of privacy, the risk of abuse, and the impact on personal freedoms make it clear that the disadvantages of this development outweigh any potential advantages. It is imperative that measures are taken to ensure that the use of surveillance technology is balanced with respect for individual rights and freedoms.

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