Rich countries should not employ skilled labour from poor countries


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

Rich countries should not employ skilled labour from poor countries, as poor countries need the workers more. To what extent do you agree with this statement?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

In today’s globalized world, the movement of skilled labor from poor countries to rich countries has become a contentious issue. While some argue that rich countries should not employ skilled labor from poor countries, as the latter need their workers more, I believe that the issue is more complex and cannot be viewed in black and white terms.

On one hand, it is undeniable that poor countries often face a shortage of skilled labor. Many professionals, such as doctors, nurses, engineers, and teachers, choose to leave their home countries in search of better opportunities and higher salaries in wealthier nations. This brain drain can have a detrimental impact on the development and progress of poor countries, as they lose the expertise and knowledge of their skilled workforce. Furthermore, the loss of skilled workers can exacerbate existing inequalities and hinder the ability of poor countries to provide essential services and infrastructure for their citizens.

However, it is important to recognize that the movement of skilled labor is driven by a complex web of factors, including economic opportunities, political instability, and personal aspirations. Many individuals from poor countries are compelled to seek employment abroad due to limited opportunities, low wages, and lack of professional development in their home countries. In this context, it is unfair to blame rich countries for employing skilled labor from poor countries, as they are simply responding to the demands of their own labor markets.

Moreover, the employment of skilled labor from poor countries can also have positive outcomes for both the individuals and their home countries. Remittances sent back to families and communities in poor countries can contribute to poverty reduction, improved living standards, and investment in local economies. Additionally, individuals who gain experience and expertise in rich countries may eventually return to their home countries, bringing back valuable skills, knowledge, and resources that can contribute to development and progress.

In conclusion, while it is important to consider the impact of the movement of skilled labor on poor countries, I believe that the issue cannot be addressed by simply prohibiting rich countries from employing skilled workers from poor countries. Instead, a more comprehensive approach is needed, which takes into account the underlying causes of migration, the potential benefits of remittances, and the importance of creating opportunities for professional growth and development in poor countries.

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