Nowadays traffic is a serious problem in big cities


WRITING TASK 2

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

Nowadays, traffic is a serious problem in big cities. Why this is so and what effects does it bring?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.


Sample Answer:

Nowadays, traffic congestion has become a serious issue in large cities around the world. There are several reasons for this, and the effects of this problem are far-reaching and impactful.

One of the main reasons for the increase in traffic in big cities is the rapid urbanization and population growth. As more and more people move to urban areas in search of better job opportunities and a higher standard of living, the number of vehicles on the roads also increases. This leads to overcrowding on the roads, especially during peak hours, making it difficult for commuters to travel efficiently.

Another contributing factor to the traffic problem is the lack of efficient public transportation systems in many big cities. Inadequate and unreliable public transport options force people to rely on their own vehicles, further adding to the congestion on the roads. Additionally, the lack of proper infrastructure and road maintenance also exacerbates the traffic problem, leading to bottlenecks and delays.

The effects of traffic congestion are manifold and have a significant impact on both individuals and the economy. Firstly, it leads to increased travel times and frustration for commuters, affecting their overall quality of life. Moreover, the increased idling and stop-and-go traffic result in higher fuel consumption and air pollution, contributing to environmental degradation and health issues.

Furthermore, traffic congestion also has economic repercussions, as it leads to productivity losses and increased transportation costs for businesses. It also affects the overall efficiency of the city’s infrastructure and services, such as emergency response times and access to healthcare and education facilities.

In conclusion, the rise in traffic congestion in big cities can be attributed to urbanization, inadequate public transportation, and poor infrastructure. The effects of this problem are widespread, impacting individuals’ daily lives and the economy as a whole. Therefore, it is imperative for city planners and policymakers to address this issue by investing in sustainable transportation solutions and improving infrastructure to alleviate the burden of traffic congestion.


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