Contact between different parts of the world has developed rapidly


You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge.

Write about the following topic:

During the 20th century, contact between different parts of the world has developed rapidly and thanks to air travel and telecommunication for this.

To what extent do you agree that societies benefit from the increased contact and closer relationships with foreigners brought by international tourism and business?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:

In the 20th century, the world witnessed a rapid development in global connectivity, primarily due to advancements in air travel and telecommunication. This has led to increased contact and closer relationships between societies, largely facilitated by international tourism and business. The question of whether societies benefit from this heightened interaction with foreigners is a complex and multifaceted one.

On one hand, it is undeniable that international tourism and business have brought about numerous advantages for societies. Firstly, the influx of tourists and foreign business professionals often leads to a boost in the local economy, as they contribute to the revenue of various industries such as hospitality, transportation, and retail. This, in turn, creates job opportunities and stimulates economic growth. Additionally, exposure to different cultures and ideas through interactions with foreigners can lead to greater tolerance, understanding, and appreciation of diversity within societies. This can foster a more inclusive and harmonious community, ultimately enriching the social fabric of a nation.

However, it would be remiss to overlook the potential drawbacks of increased contact and closer relationships with foreigners. One of the primary concerns is the potential dilution of local traditions and values in the face of globalization. The influx of foreign influences may lead to the erosion of indigenous cultural practices and languages, ultimately resulting in a loss of identity for some societies. Furthermore, the increased exposure to foreign ideas and practices may also lead to social tensions and conflicts, as differing beliefs and customs clash within a society.

In conclusion, while international tourism and business undoubtedly bring about numerous benefits for societies, it is important to recognize and address the potential challenges that come with increased contact and closer relationships with foreigners. Striking a balance between reaping the advantages of global connectivity and preserving the unique identity of a society is crucial in ensuring that the benefits outweigh the drawbacks. Ultimately, it is the responsibility of both individuals and governments to navigate the complexities of globalization in a way that maximizes the positive impact on societies.

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